Comitatus decimationem abbati subiugarem. K pôvodu donácie šomodských desiatkov

Comitatus decimationem abbati subiugarem. On the Origins of the Tithes from the County of Somogy

The study deals with the topic of tithes from the county of Somogy, given to the monastery of Pannonhalma during the reign of king Stephen I. The first purpose of this article is to present an overview of the studies of medievalists dealing with the subject of monastic tithes and the letter of privilege for the Monastery of St. Martin on the ”holy mount of Pannonia“, and to summarize their opinions about the circumstances under which the tithes from Somogy county were donated to the monks of Pannonhalma. Thereafter, I try to compare the donation of the tithes from the county of Somogy with similar cases and analogies from the early medieval Czech and Polish territories, focusing especially on the tithes given to the Benedictine monastery of Břevnov by the bishop of Prague, St. Adalbert. Finally, I return to the sources from the Hungarian environment and I try to point out to discrepancies in the interpretations which date the donation of the Somogy tithes to the end of the 10th century.