stratégie prežitia

Medzi mierom a vojnou: Maďarsko v rokoch 1944 až 1945 z pohľadu bežných ľudí. Historiografický prehľad

Kecskés D., Gusztáv

The appreciation of the year 1945 began almost immediately after the war, and lasts until today, while generating strong tensions in both public life and historiography in Hungary. Debates concerning the politics of memory were crystalized especially about the question if 1945 represented a liberation (of the German yoke) or an occupation (by the Soviets). Recent research, of which this contribution summarizes the results, has considerably enriched the literature with new points of view on the intermediate period of 1944 – 1945.

Židovská rodina v konfrontácii s povojnovou situáciou a anti-semitizmom na Slovensku (1945 - 1948)

Šišiaková, Jana

The Second World War affected the Jewish population in a specific way. In a critical state appeared especially the traditional Jewish family and, in fact, it ceased to exist. It is possible to speak about torsos of families – children without parents, spouses without their partners and other family members. The return to a society exhibiting complicated social relations, harsh socio-economic conditions and a post-war psychosis was tremendously difficult for the Jews. In this context, they had three possible options: to preserve their identity, to get assimilated, or to emigrate.

Rodina v záverečnej etape "konečného riešenia židovskej otázky" na Slovensku

Karcol, Marián

The aim of this paper, the heuristic base of which is formed mainly by archival documents and personal testimonies of witnesses, is to provide a closer view on the events in 1944 - 1945 and their impact on the family living within the borders of the-then Slovak state. It deals with families belonging to the majority population, but a special focus is on (especially) the family of the persecuted Jewish minority.

Vojnová socializácia mužov v armáde, v zajatí a v légiách (1914 - 1921)

Benko, Juraj

The paper dealing with the fates of men mobilised to fight on the battlefields of the Great War treats them from the aspect of creating new, specific social relations, nets and communities. Having deprived them of their families, relatives and local communities the warfare also caused that many of those who survived were separated from their dearest and nearest not only during the War but also during the years immediately following the conflict.

Problém "vojenských žien" na príklade národných vojsk (československého, poľského a rumunského) na Sibíri v rokoch 1918 - 1920

Wiśniewski, Jan

Atrocities committed in the Civil War in Russia in 1917-1920 had no parallel at that time. Both sides participating in the conflict, the Bolsheviks and "the Whites", led their operations in a way much different from the period war standards. Executions and pacifications of the citizens, committed both by the Red Army and soldiers of "the Whites", were the rule of the day. They war events caused famine and mass migration of the civilian population, attempting to find protection and help from the allied armies that took part in the intervention in Russia.

Stratégie prežitia v mimoriadnej situácii. Vplyv Veľkej vojny na rodinu na území Slovenska

Dudeková, Gabriela

An impact of the war events and war regimes upon the family opens space for comparative studies of social consequences of the WWI and WWII. Survival and behavioural strategies may be another starting point for a study of models of behaviour and mental reactions to extraordinary conditions created by a war conflict. The study focuses on these two schemes and highlights their potential to become universal concepts acceptable for studying an impact exerted by war on a society in general.

Smutný príbeh zo smutných čias: dve vojny v rodinnom živote spisovateľky Terézie Vansovej

Šuchová, Xénia

The family history of the writer Tereza Vansová (1857-1942) was affected by two world wars. She lived through the Great War and World War II as an adult person – as the wife, later widow of an Evangelical pastor, socially engaged member of the Slovak intelligentsia aware of their national identity. There is no doubt that her distinguished position in society and her religion as well as her social status determined the character of her personal and family experience; furthermore, they influenced her conditions during and after the wars in terms of the applied "strategies of survival".

Úvodné slovo

Šuchová, Xénia
Benko, Juraj

War is not an exclusively political or military phenomenon, though these have been its aspects traditionally approached by historical research. It is distinctive of the great wars of the 20th century that they influenced all spheres of the life of society. As a result, the focus of historians´ interest has shifted from military-diplomatic and political-economic background to a broader social and cultural field in the last decades.

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