Slovak Autonomy 1938 – 1939: The Initial Phase of the Holocaust and Persecution


During the seemingly short existence of the autonomous Slovakia at the turn of 1938/1939, the political situation drastically changed. Almost six months after the adoption of the Munich Agreement, the system of parliamentary democracy within the first Czechoslovak Republic was disrupted, while as little as three months was enough for the political representatives of Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party (HSĽS) to take material measures in Slovakia. This period of turbulent political changes that led to single party government went hand in hand with the gradual removal of potential opponents of the regime. However, persecution and the holocaust that peaked within the Slovak State (1939–1945) began as early as the autumn of 1938. The articles in the latest volume of Forum Historiae are centred around this aspect of the newly emerging regime of the HSĽS, revealing aspects of the prologue to the Holocaust in Slovakia which until now have been quite unknown, along with the increase in collaboration with the representatives of Nazi Germany, the situation of Austrian refugees in the territory of Czechoslovakia and the legal basis for the persecution or changes in the position of women during the autonomous Slovakia.

FORUM HISTORIAE 1/2019: Slovak Autonomy 1938 – 1939: The Initial Phase of the Holocaust and Persecution
Editors: Martina Fiamová - Michala Lônčíková
Slovak Language Proofreading: Katarína Kubáňová
English Language Translation and Proofreading: Silvia Holéczyová, Your Choice - jazykové služby, s.r.o.
Title image: Ernest Zmeták: Zaťatá valaška, 1963 (cutout). Source:
Graphic design: Juraj Benko
Authors: Martina Fiamová, Michal Frankl, Michala Lônčíková, Katarína Mešková Hradská, Wolfgang Schellenbacher, Michal Schvarc, Miloslav Szabó, Eva Škorvanková, Monika Vrzgulová, Katarína Zavacká
© Institute of History, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019
Forum Historiae 1/2019 "Slovak Autonomy 1938 – 1939: The Initial Phase of the Holocaust and Persecution" was created in cooperation with the Holocaust Documentation Center (DSH) and with the support of the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI), whose Slovak partner is DSH.
Holocaust Documentation Center European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) EHRI is funded by the European Union