historiography

Medieval Dynasties in Medieval Studies: A Historiographic Contribution

Zupka, Dušan

The article provides an overview of the current research on the notion, idea and perception of dynasties in medieval Europe. It deals with a variety of studies and books that focus on dynasty and dynastic historical writing within Central Europe, as well as outside this region. The main goal is to provide a selection of examples of how the notion of dynasty can be used in current historiographic discourse. First and foremost, dynasty in medieval studies seems to be (to a certain extent) another intellectual construct applied to the period in question.

Why the Slovak Language has Three Dialects: A Case Study in Historical Perceptual Dialectology

Maxwell, Alexander

Dialect taxonomies emerge from a political context, and change inresponse to political events. This article, a case study in"Historical Perceptual Dialectology," tracks the history of Slovakdialect taxonomies.

Structures of Narration in Historiography: A Narratological Analysis of Vespucci's Letter "Mundus Novus"

Dvorský, Juraj

In this work I deal with the relationship between narratology and historiography. In the 1970s especially due to H. White are applied literary patterns to the field of historiography. Nowadays with the benefit of hindsight it is possible to state that narratology didn't remain a domain of literary science which formed it but it has also found his position in other disciplines, including historiography. The focus of this contribution is the narratological analysis of Vespucci's letter Mundus Novus. Its final form points out cultural specifics of this historical period.

Metahistorical Prefigurations: Toward a Reinterpretation of Hayden White's Tropology

Paul, Herman

In this article, I propose a new interpretation of Hayden White's Metahistory. Instead of treating it as a classical text on historical narrativity, I argue that Metahistory should be read as an inquiry into ‘metahistorical prefigurations', that is, into the moral and ontological presuppositions underlying historical writing.

Hayden White's Intellectual Biography: An Introduction

Domańska, Ewa

This article is an attempt to represent Hayden White's writing and teaching career in terms of Giambattista Vico's poetic logic and theory of the development of human consciousness, which passes through four distinct stages, proceeding from one to the next by way of turns (tropic transitions). Each stage corresponds to a trope, a kind of shifter: metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, irony. According to this pattern, culural life begins with metaphor and ends with irony, with a final return (ricorso) to metaphor.

Point of View as a Category in Contemporary Historiography

Pomorski, Jan

The paper aims to give an outline of what the author considers to be the most influential tendencies in contemporary historiography, perspectivism being one of them. The text is divided into a theoretical and a practical part, where an example of a perspectivistic approach is given, commenting a recent work of Irmina Wawryczek of the Marie Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin. To begin with, perspectivism has become one of the leading approaches in today's humanities, having roots already some centuries ago.

The Tragedy of the Anti-Totalitarians: An Attempt at Historiographical Catharsis

Kosicki, Piotr H.

This text is a thought piece designed to reflect on the word "totalitarianism" as both a heuristic and an existential category. In addition to critiquing the category through a narrative of its genesis and its relationship to the category of "modernity," this text goes on to suggest that the category is fundamentally counterproductive to the scholarly and moral concerns evident particularly in the work of Hannah Arendt.

Between Peace and War: Hungary in 1944-1945 – bottom view. A Historiographical Survey

Kecskés D., Gusztáv

The appreciation of the year 1945 began almost immediately after the war, and lasts until today, while generating strong tensions in both public life and historiography in Hungary. Debates concerning the politics of memory were crystalized especially about the question if 1945 represented a liberation (of the German yoke) or an occupation (by the Soviets). Recent research, of which this contribution summarizes the results, has considerably enriched the literature with new points of view on the intermediate period of 1944 – 1945.

Is the Exiting (by France), from World War I, Over Yet?

Audoin-Rouzeau, Stéphane

To start, the author asks a thought-provoking question – whether France has definitively exited World War I. He defends the methodological approach to exiting the war, which may better render the complexities of the reconciliation of the war experience than the oft-used term the post-war period. He deals with the different amounts of time taken, and especially the persisting grief from the loss of loved ones which carries over into the later generations and in such a way the Great War still seems to be relevant even today.

A Hussite Wars Interpretation in the Slovak Historiography in the Second Half of the 20th Century

Meľnikov, Georgij P.

This study deals with changes and reversals in Hussite Wars´ interpretations which have been presented by the Slovak historiography since the 1960s until now. The Hussite Wars and their influence have been one of the most important topics of both Czech and Slovak national histories, either based on a nationalistic or class viewpoint. These wars were incorporated in both socialistic and nationalistic narrative.

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