Conspiracy Theories and Rumours as Key Elements of Political Propaganda: The Cold War in the USA and Czechoslovakia in the 1950s

Panczová, Zuzana

Rumours and hearsay can be important communication devices in civil society. Their influence tends to intensify in times of social crises and long-term conflict, which then can function as a test of trust in official authorities. The Cold War took place in an almost apocalyptic atmosphere fearing the outbreak of a fatal nuclear conflict. On both sides, combat was waged not only in the fields of armaments, economics or technology, but also on a psychological level, as a way to gain the trust and sympathy of citizens.

The Impact of Momentous Historical Events upon the Formation of a National Ideology in Slovakia during the Period of pre-Munich Czechoslovakia

Olejník, Milan

Momentous historical events have a great importance upon formation of national ideology regardless of political and social character of society. This is especially true for events, which, in a significant matter, contributed to formation of independent new states. The submitted paper is devoted to genesis of commemoration and celebration of happenings leading to foundation of Czechoslovakian Republic and to the their impact upon the official ideology of Czechoslovakian state.

A Hussite Wars Interpretation in the Slovak Historiography in the Second Half of the 20th Century

Meľnikov, Georgij P.

This study deals with changes and reversals in Hussite Wars´ interpretations which have been presented by the Slovak historiography since the 1960s until now. The Hussite Wars and their influence have been one of the most important topics of both Czech and Slovak national histories, either based on a nationalistic or class viewpoint. These wars were incorporated in both socialistic and nationalistic narrative.

Narrativism and the Ideological Dimension of Historical Works

Zeleňák, Eugen

There are several authors who point to the fact that some historical works pursue ideological goals. Hayden White, however, argues that all historical works possess certain ideological dimension. He claims that when historians represent and discuss particular actions, changes in the society, etc., they implicitly respond to the Kantian question „What should I (we) do?" and this is the foundation of the ideological aspect of history. In my paper I discuss White's point and drawing on Frank Ankersmit's account of historical representation I clarify how ideology may enter historical work.

Ideology: Boundaries of a concept

Vörös, László

Terry Eagleton, a prominent current theoretician of ideology, claims in the introduction to his well-known book Ideology. An Introduction (1991) that no one has ever come with a single satisfactory definition of ideology and in this respect he will not be an exception either. Then, he lists seventeen different meanings of the term ideology used nowadays (that is, in the 1990s) in both public and academic discourse. Some of these meanings are actually contradictory, some are judgmental – negative and/or pejorative and other are neutral.

Aspects of Slovak Historiography from the Time of Ján Kollár and Pavol Jozef Šafárik

Podolan, Peter

Study is devoted to Slovak historiography of the first half of 19th century. Dealing with the historiographical works of Ján Kollár and Pavol Jozef Šafárik, is closely connected to the questions of nationalism and Slavic romanticism. Both Kollár and Šafárik were from the same generation. Their national sentiment was formed by the same influences: affiliation with the protestant religion, the Latin characteristics of education, studies at the University of Jena and a long-term residence abroad.

Fellow Countrymen Gone Wild: How (Not) to Depict the Rise to Power of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia

Daniel, Ondřej
Lomíček, Jan

In this study we aim to present a comparison of historical topics displayed in two Czech TV series Rodáci (The Natives, made in 1988) and Zdivočelá země (The Feral Country, filmed from 1997). We focus on period of 1945-1948 they both presented and compare similarities and differences in the two ideological narratives before and after political change of 1989.

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