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The topic of the political thinking within the Slovak national movement in 1848 – 1914 has, until recently, been one of those rather marginal ones in Slovak historiography. However, we believe this topic offers very good research and interpretative potential. Therefore it has been chosen as the topic of this issue. We have prepared seven academic studies (as well as two reviews) which analyse particular political or national-ideological concepts and phenomena from various points of view. The texts bring several original approaches as well as new interpretations; therefore we believe that the broader academic public will find them interesting. The texts aim to provide an impulse for new research of this intriguing and often neglected topic

Forum Historiae 2/2013: Slovenské politické myslenie 1848 - 1914
Zostavovatelia: Mgr. Karol Hollý, PhD. - Mgr. Marcel Martinkovič, PhD.
Preklady do angličtiny: Mgr. Matej Hanula, PhD.
Preklady z maďarčiny: Mgr. Diana Duchoňová; PhD., Mgr. Anna Fundárková, PhD. MA; PhDr. Tünde Lengyelová, CSc.
Grafická úprava: Juraj Benko
Autori: József Demmel, PhD.; Mgr. Karol Hollý, PhD.; Mgr. Dana Hučková, CSc.; PhDr. Tomáš Jahelka; Mgr. Ľuboš Kačírek, PhD.; PhDr. Pavol Krištof, PhD.; Mgr. Marcel Martinkovič, PhD.; MSc. László Matus; PhDr. Peter Rusnák, PhD.; Mgr. Miloslav Szabó, PhD.
 
Forum Historiae 2/2013 "Slovenské politické myslenie 1848 - 1914" bolo podporené Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0119-11 (Slovensko v 19. storočí).
 
© HistorickÝ Ústav Slovenskej akadÉmie vied 2013

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V babylonskom zajatí alebo v zasľúbenej zemi? Kázeň Jána Kollára o verejnom záujme z roku 1848

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László Matus
Summary

László Matus: In Babylonian Captivity or in the Promised Land? A Sermon by Ján Kollár on Public Interest from 1848

The study analyzes the sermon by Ján Kollár "Napomáhánj obecného dobrého wůbec obzwlásstě wlasti" (Help to create public benefit and especially for your motherland) which he delivered on May 21st 1848 in Lutheran church on Deák square in Budapest. László Matus tries to answer the question about the relation between Kollár's speech reviewing the April laws and the political identity of a Slovak priest. Several facts point out that his thoughts were influenced by coercion. 1. The sermon was delivered as a result of political request, 2. when we consider Kollar's political speeches before 1848 and after it, 3. Slovak scholars demonstrated presence of self-censorship and mimicry in his thoughts, 4. according to some sources and interpretations, Kollár was terrorized. Those factors had been questioned or a subject of relativization by other interpretations. In his analysis and contextualization of the speech, Lázsló Matus focuses on those views. Using archive sources he proves that many Slovak priests supported the April laws and denounced Štúrs's movement. He shows that Kollár applied also in one of his other works the territorially determined concept of motherland or the modes of demonstration of political collective consciousness created by reformatory intellectuals of Josephinism. Finally, he proves that it is necessary to revise the scholarly opinion about Kollár's apolitical position. His public sensibility and several demonstrations of quite radical thoughts can be considered related to the revolutionary idea of 1848. They lead to an assumption that "national" aspect of Kollár's thinking could had been suppressed by political ideal for a short time. The author considers those observations valid only for a short period of time (spring and summer of 1848).

Bibliografická informácia

László Matus : V babylonskom zajatí alebo v zasľúbenej zemi? Kázeň Jána Kollára o verejnom záujme z roku 1848. In Forum Historiae, 2013, roč. 7, č. 2. ISSN 1337-6861.


O AUTOROVI O AUTOROVI

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MSc. László Matus vyštudoval históriu a slovenčinu na Filozofickej fakulte Katolíckej univerzity Petra Pázmánya v roku 2001, od tohto roku je archivárom v Centrálnej registratúre Maďarských železníc (Magyar Államvasutak Zrt. Központi Irattár). Jeho oblasťou bádania sú evanjelické cirkevné dejiny 19. storočia, v rámci nich v prvom rade skúma peštianske pôsobenie Jána Kollára. Je spoluautorom monografie venovanej peštiansko-budínskej evanjelickej cirkvi v 19. storočí, a je spoluzostavovateľom pramennej edície dokumentujúcej dejiny budapeštianskeho slovenského evanjelického zboru. Niekoľko jeho štúdií vyšlo v maďarských časopisoch a zborníkoch v slovenskom jazyku.


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