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Forum Historiae 2/2017: Local Roots – European Connections. The Position of Nazarene Art in 19th-Century Europe
Zostavovatelia: Pavla Machalíková – Angelika Herucová
jazyková úprava: Robin Cassling
obrázok na titulnej strane: Friedrich Overbeck: Adoration of the Kings (1813, detail). Source: commons.wikimedia.org
Grafická úprava: Angelika Herucová
Autori: Katarína Beňová, Marta Herucová, Adéla Klinerová, Olga Kotková, Katharina Lovecky, Isabelle Saint Martin, Pavel Štěpánek, Petr Tomášek
 
 
© HistorickÝ Ústav Slovenskej akadÉmie vied 2017

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The Role of Nazarenism in the Renewal of Late Medieval Works: Johann Gruss the Elder's Restoration of The Feast of the Rose Garlands by Albrecht Dürer

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Olga Kotková
Summary

Kotková, Olga: The Role of Nazarenism in the Renewal of Late Medieval Works: Johann Gruss the Elder's Restoration of The Feast of the Rose Garlands by Albrecht Dürer.
This article focuses on the restoration of Dürer's famous painting The Feast of the Rose Garlands (National Gallery in Prague). The restoration work was done by Johann Gruss the Elder in 1839 – 1841. Gruss was a painter from Litoměřice in northern Bohemia. His work shows a degree of skill and knowledge of contemporary Nazarene art, which he applied in a somewhat stiff and simplified form. He was most influenced by the paintings, drawings and prints of Joseph Führich. The inspiration he drew from Führich's work to repain the face of the Virgin in Dürer's Feast of the Rose Garlands turns out to have been the correct choice: Führich's clearly defined period style (in which Führich equalled the work of Dürer) was something that Gruss, an artist of far more humble talent and limited abilities, could easily imitate. He Gruss sought inspiration directly in the works of the Old Masters and tried on his own to transfer their style to the provincial Nazarene style of the 1830s, he would most certainly have been unsure and would have fumbled artistically and the outcome would have been inconsistent. Modelling his work on Führich thus ensured the stylistic consistency of Gruss's additions.

Keywords

Albrecht Dürer, restoration, Johann Gruss the Elder, Joseph Führich, Feast of the Rose Garlands

Bibliografická informácia

Olga Kotková : The Role of Nazarenism in the Renewal of Late Medieval Works: Johann Gruss the Elder's Restoration of The Feast of the Rose Garlands by Albrecht Dürer. In Forum Historiae, 2017, roč. 11, č. 2. ISSN 1337-6861.


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Olga Kotková is the curator of the Collection of Old Masters in the National Gallery in Prague. Her research concentrates on Netherlandish, German and Flemish painting and sculpture of the 14th to 17th centuries.


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