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The art of the early 19th century and especially the question of its directions after the year 1800 has repeatedly been the subject of attention of art historians in recent decades. The conventional image of the 19th century as a century of varying historicist styles, insisting on academic rules, sentimental and/or heroic religious and historic imagery and bourgeois taste seems to have more to it than just being a prelude to the modernism that emerged. In Central European visual arts, the question of transition from the late 18th century into the modern era is related to the study of a series of long undervalued artists whose names have (now) either almost vanished or were dismissed (in the past). An example of this are Johann Friedrich Overbeck (1789 – 1869) and his followers – Nazarenes – also known as monk-artists. This issue of Forum Historiae, first entirely in English, is devoted to studies which examine European Nazarenism and role of Joseph Führich (1800 – 1876) in it, from various points of views and perspectives, taking into account the autonomous reception of Nazarenism in different countries, but also the unifying role of the model images produced by key Nazarene artists.

Forum Historiae 2/2017: Local Roots – European Connections. The Position of Nazarene Art in 19th-Century Europe
Zostavovatelia: Pavla Machalíková – Angelika Herucová
jazyková úprava: Robin Cassling
obrázok na titulnej strane: Friedrich Overbeck: Adoration of the Kings (1813, detail). Source: commons.wikimedia.org
Grafická úprava: Juraj Benko
Autori: Katarína Beňová, Marta Herucová, Adéla Klinerová, Olga Kotková, Katharina Lovecky, Isabelle Saint Martin, Pavel Štěpánek, Petr Tomášek
© HistorickÝ Ústav Slovenskej akadÉmie vied 2017


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Spanish Nazarenes Artists in Rome

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Pavel Štěpánek

Štěpánek, Pavel: Spanish Nazarenes Artists in Rome.
In Spain, the Nazarene movement was represented by a group of painters who worked in Rome: Luis de Madrazo, Eduardo Rosales, Alejo Vera and Domingo Valdivieso, but after all (known as the Catalans/all of them Catalans) the Catalans. The most important figure in this group was Pelegrí Clavé, who went on to become a professor at the Academy of San Carlo in Mexico. His Mexican students there included such names as José S. Pina, Santiago Rebull, Eugenio Landesio and José María Velasco. The work of one of them, Rebull, can be found in Prague, because a Czech pharmacist named František Kaska put together a collection of art that he decided to send to the National Museum in Prague in 1906. In this we can observe the persistence of Nazarene painting in time and geography that runs in a line from Spain to Rome to Mexico and finally to Prague.


Spain, Nazarenes, Rome, Mexico, Prague

Bibliografická informácia

Pavel Štěpánek : Spanish Nazarenes Artists in Rome. In Forum Historiae, 2017, roč. 11, č. 2. ISSN 1337-6861.


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Pavel Štepánek, Historian of Art, specialized in the art of the Ibero-American world. Actually, he is PhDr., PhD., Prof. at the Dept. of Art History of the Palacký University at Olomouc and at the Spanish Dept. of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Charles University of Prague. The year 1981 he was named extraordinary professor of the Cathedra of José Clemente Orozco at the Mexican National Autonomous University (U. N. A. M.) at Mexico City; and in 2013 as "Distinguished Academic" at the Ibero-American University at the Mexico City; Invited Professor at the University of Zaragoza (Spain, 1990) and prof. at the Venezuelan Catholic University at Caracas (UCAB ). In the years of 1991-1994 he was counselor and chargé d´affaires of the Czech Republic at Caracas. He is corresponding member of the Spanish
Royal Academy of St. Ferdinand at Madrid and of the National Academy of Arts of Lisbon (Portugal). At Prague, he worked e. g. at the National Gallery (1969-76) and at the Middle Bohemia Gallery (1976-88). Member of the American Society for Hispanic Art Historical Studies (ASHAHS, USA). Honorary Associate of The Hispanic Society of America. Commander of the Order of Isabel la Católica (Spain). Autor of many books and curator of many exhibitions.


2017/02 Local Roots - European Connections. The Position of Nazarene Art...