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The topic of the political thinking within the Slovak national movement in 1848 – 1914 has, until recently, been one of those rather marginal ones in Slovak historiography. However, we believe this topic offers very good research and interpretative potential. Therefore it has been chosen as the topic of this issue. We have prepared seven academic studies (as well as two reviews) which analyse particular political or national-ideological concepts and phenomena from various points of view. The texts bring several original approaches as well as new interpretations; therefore we believe that the broader academic public will find them interesting. The texts aim to provide an impulse for new research of this intriguing and often neglected topic

Forum Historiae 2/2013: Slovenské politické myslenie 1848 - 1914
Zostavovatelia: Mgr. Karol Hollý, PhD. - Mgr. Marcel Martinkovič, PhD.
Preklady do angličtiny: Mgr. Matej Hanula, PhD.
Preklady z maďarčiny: Mgr. Diana Duchoňová; PhD., Mgr. Anna Fundárková, PhD. MA; PhDr. Tünde Lengyelová, CSc.
Grafická úprava: Juraj Benko
Autori: József Demmel, PhD.; Mgr. Karol Hollý, PhD.; Mgr. Dana Hučková, CSc.; PhDr. Tomáš Jahelka; Mgr. Ľuboš Kačírek, PhD.; PhDr. Pavol Krištof, PhD.; Mgr. Marcel Martinkovič, PhD.; MSc. László Matus; PhDr. Peter Rusnák, PhD.; Mgr. Miloslav Szabó, PhD.
 
Forum Historiae 2/2013 "Slovenské politické myslenie 1848 - 1914" bolo podporené Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0119-11 (Slovensko v 19. storočí).
 
© HistorickÝ Ústav Slovenskej akadÉmie vied 2013

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Kritika národného života ako politikum v literárnom diele Kolomana Banšella

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Dana Hučková
Summary

Dana Hučková: Criticism of National Life as a Political Issue in Koloman Banšell's Literary Work

Koloman Banšell‘s (1850 – 1887) literary beginnings are traditionally associated with the "revolt of sons against fathers", and with the rise of the new poetic generation. However, reflections on Banšell‘s work always mention his ideological and political affiliation with the opposition, liberal wing in the Slovak political life, with the so-called New Slovak School (Nová škola slovenská). Banšell‘s split with the traditional ideological and political wing, with the pro-Vienna oriented Old Slovak School (Stará škola slovenská), was viewed as his betrayal of national ideals or even as his predilection of the Magyar nation.

Banšell, however, adhered to the democratization of the national life. He perceived the problem of the nation and national life realistically, without much pathos and without illusions. He was not an ardent nationalist keen on myths and sacralisations of his own national community. He was critical to the nation. He openly and clearly talked about vices and weaknesses of the national life. However, his slogan remained "the activity for the nation". From the traditional triad God – church – nation, he only kept "Slovak ethnic group" (rod slovenský). This was, on one hand, in accordance with the traditional pathetic declaration of one's adherence to the Slovak nation and especially of being faithful to it, as the conventional patriotic rhetoric required. On the other hand, Banšell was very critical to the nation. His critical attitude can be perceived as a sign of a new approach among the new generation. This generation denied the values respected in poetry in previous periods and openly criticized the concepts previously considered sacred and untouchable. In broader contexts, this attitude is related to changes of literary models and their functions. In 1886, Banšell published his collection of verse, Túhy mladosti (Longings of Youth), which was supposed to demonstrate his national feelings but his gesture was perceived as outdated and aesthetically inadequate.
 

Bibliografická informácia

Dana Hučková : Kritika národného života ako politikum v literárnom diele Kolomana Banšella. In Forum Historiae, 2013, roč. 7, č. 2. ISSN 1337-6861.


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Mgr. Dana Hučková, CSc., pracuje v Ústave slovenskej literatúry SAV, literárna historička so zameraním na dejiny slovenskej literatúry na prelome 19. a 20. storočia a literatúru Slovenskej moderny.


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2013/02 Slovenské politické myslenie 1848 - 1914